Mice like to gnaw, so a cage made of wire with a plastic bottom, or an aquarium with a mesh roof is recommended.

   Ventilation is very important as the build-up of ammonia from the mouse's urine can lead to the development of respiratory disease.

   Cages should be cleaned frequently and all uneaten food and faeces removed daily.

    A form of absorbent bedding and nesting material such as shredded newspaper should be provided.

    A shelter for hiding and sleeping is necessary this can be achieved by the use of a plastic house from a pet store or a piece of plastic drain pipe (both are easy to clean).

    Mice are active animals and will enjoy a variety of toys such as tunnels, boxes and ladders. If exercise wheels are used, ensure they have a solid back to prevent tails getting caught in the side supports as the wheel turns.


    A balanced diet is important for your mouse. A commercial rodent diet should be made available occasionally. Seed diets are commonly offered to mice but these contain high fat and low calcium and should only be offered as a treat.

    Ideally, each day your mouse should be supplied with a balanced selection of fresh vegetables and fruit such as peas, beans, corn, carrots, broccoli, apple, grapes, etc.

    Other foods you can serve in small amounts 1-2 times a week include pasta, rice, toast, eggs, chicken and other meats.

    To prevent diarrhoea a gradual introduction of new foods is recommended rather than a sudden change.

    Fresh water should be available at all times.


Health Care

    Book a 6 monthly check-up to detect general health problems.

     Respiratory disease, generally caused by bacterial or viral infection, is one of the most common problems in mice.

    "Red tears" are produced as a non-specific response to stress such as pain and/or illness and these dry around the eyes and nose. The underlying cause should be investigated by your veterinarian as they often indicate a chronic underlying disease.

    Mammary tumours are common in mice.

    Other skin problems such as mite infestation may also occur.


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