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Small Exotic Mammals

Breeding and Rearing Table†††††††††

 

 

 

RABBIT

 

 

FERRET

 

 

GUINEA PIG

 

RAT

 

MOUSE

 

AGE AT SEXUAL MATURITY

 
4-7 months

 

6-12 months,

or first spring after birth

 

 

Males: 9-10 weeks

Females: 4-6 weeks

 

6-8 weeks

 

4-7 weeks

 

GESTATION

(LENGTH OF PREGNANCY)

 

28-33 days

 

41-43 days

 

59-72 days

 

 

19-21 days

 

19-21 days

 

LITTER SIZE

 

 

4-12

 

5-13

Average 8

 

 

1-6

Average 3-4

 

 

6-16

Average 10

 

6-12

Average 10

 

EATING SOLIDS

 

 

3 weeks

 

6-8 weeks

 

2 days

 

2 weeks

 

12 days

 

WEANING*

AGE

 

 

6-7 weeks

 

6-8 weeks

 

3 weeks

 

 

3 weeks

 

18-21 days

 

EYES OPEN

 

4-5 weeks

 

28-34 days

 

Shortly after birth

 

 

18-21 days

 

12-14 days

 

 

         Health checks are recommended shortly after the weaning period, before breeding and every 6-12 months.

         Vaccinations: Rabbits and ferrets require initial vaccinations at 8 AND 12 weeks of age, and then every 9-12 months.

†††††††††††††††††††††††††

         Weaning is the time of complete conversion from their motherís milk to solid food.

 

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